Posted Friday, August 27, 2010 03:43 AM
The adverse effects of AASs fall into 4 primary categories: hepatic, reproductive, cardiovascular, and psychiatric effects.
Today I will cover Reproductive Adverse Effects
Adverse Effects on the Male Reproductive System
The effects of the anabolic-androgenic
steroids on the male reproductive system are oligospermia (small number
of sperm) and azoospermia (lack of sperm in the semen), decreased
testicular size, abnormal appearance of testicular biopsy material, and
reductions in testosterone and gonadotropic hormones. These effects have
been shown in training studies,studies of normal volunteers,therapeutic trials,and studies of athletes who were using anabolic-androgenic steroids.In view of the changes shown in the pituitary-gonadal axis, the
dysfunction accounting for these abnormalities is believed to be
steroid-induced suppression of gonadotrophin production.
The changes in these hormones are ordinarily reversible after cessation
of drug treatment, but the long-term effects of altering the
hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis remain unknown. However, there is a
report of residual abnormalities in testicular morphology of healthy men
6 months after discontinuing steroid use. It has been reported that the metabolism of androgens to estrogenic compounds may lead to gynecomastia ( male boobs) in males.
Adverse Effec... [More]
Posted Tuesday, August 24, 2010 02:50 AM
To avoid catching Legionnaires’ Disease from your car, simply use
screen wash fluid at the recommended concentration in your windshield
washer tank, instead of using plain water.
Don't use plain water for car’s windscreen washer to save money, use screen wash fluid from now
23 June 2010, Public Health Wales
Public Health Wales supports advice to add screen wash to car washer fluid following the publication of the results of an HPA study.
Legionnaires’ disease is a potentially fatal lung infection. The
disease is contracted by breathing in small droplets of contaminated
Legionnaires' disease is commonly linked to
water systems such as air conditioning units, showers and fountains,
where water is given off in a fine spray.
The HPA study found two vehicle-related actions that can increase the risk of catching Legionnaires' disease.
driving through industrial areas
driving or being a passenger in a vehicle without screenwash in its wiper fluid----------------------------------... [More]
Posted Monday, August 23, 2010 07:31 AM
The incident was Rugby Union
Player treated on field blood pooring from mouth and taken off with blood injury allowing a previously substituted player to replace him. The blood was a fake joke shop capsule put in his mouth by the physio, the player bites the capsule and appears to be blood dripping from his mouth. Later on the side line the team doctor actually cuts the players lip to cover up the scam. I at the time was watching the game live on TV. Only later after the game was it found out that a camera had caught the player winking as he left the field, and an investigation was started.
Scandal: 'Bloodgate' rocked rugby last year after Tom Williams used a fake blood capsule
Caught out: Williams winks as he leaves the field of play during 'Bloodgate'
As it came to light that former Quins physio Steph Brennan had bought
capsules from a joke shop
In order to win the game Harlequins needed a specialist kicker.
The blood-faking incident occurred near the end of Harlequins'
Heineken Cup quarter-final against Leinster at The Stoop on April 12. 2009
coach Dean Richards wanted to bring Nick Evans, the club's drop-kick
expert who had been substituted at halftime, back on to the field. In
the circumstances, this was only permissible if an on-field player
suffered a blood injury.
During the quarter final of the 2009 Heineken Cup against Leinster, Harlequins wing Tom Williams
came off th... [More]
Posted Monday, August 23, 2010 02:37 AM
The body quickly recovers.
Nicotine withdrawl causes irritability and frustration but eases after 48 hours..TIME LINE
Blood pressure and pulse rate return to normal.
Nicotine and carbon monoxide levels in blood reduce by half, oxygen levels return to normal.
Carbon monoxide will be eliminated from the body. Lungs start to clear out mucus and other smoking debris.
There is no nicotine in the body. Ability to taste and smell is greatly improved.
Breathing becomes easier. Bronchial tubes begin to relax and energy levels increase.
Your circulation improves.
Coughs, wheezing and breathing problems improve as lung function increases by up to 10%.
Risk of heart attack falls to about half that of a smoker.
Risk of lung cancer falls to half that of a smoker. Risk of heart attack falls to the same as someone who has never smoked.
Posted Thursday, August 19, 2010 05:38 AM
How much can I drink?If you drink alcohol, it is important to keep within the guidelines:
* Men should not regularly drink more than 3 - 4 units of alcohol a day.
* Women should not regularly drink more than 2 - 3 units of alcohol a day.
These guidelines apply whether you drink every day, once a week or occasionally. If you drink to much, avoid alcohol for 48 hours to allow your body time to recover.How much is one unit of alcohol?
* one small glass (100mls) of wine (10% alcohol by volume - be aware that many wines have a higher alcohol content than this and the size of glasses may be bigger)
* or half a pint (about 300mls) of normal strength lager, cider or beer (for example 3.5% - be aware that many beers and ciders have a higher volume than this)
* or 1 pub measure (25mls) of spirits
Posted Thursday, August 19, 2010 05:35 AM
Eating too much salt can cause high blood pressure which increases the risk of developing coronary heart disease. It’s important that you don’t eat more than the recommended amount of salt each day.
How much is too much?
Adults should eat less than 6g of salt a day - that's about one teaspoon
Checking the nutritional information on food labels will help you to choose healthier options.
Being aware of how much salt you eat will help you to stay healthy, and it's not just about the salt you put on your food after it's cooked – there’s plenty of hidden salt to think about too. Products typically high in salt are:
* salted nuts
* canned and packet soups and sauces
* baked beans and canned vegetables
* pork pies
* processed foods
* pizzas and other ready meals.
Some staple foods like bread and breakfast cereals have added salt, and it can also be found in sweet foods like cakes and biscuits.
To reduce your salt intake, avoid foods with high salt content.
What else can I do?
* add less salt to your cooking - as you get used to the taste, cut it out completely
* don't add salt to your food at the table
* instead of salt, use pepper, herbs, garlic, spices or lemon juice to add flavou... [More]